人權, 社運發電機

【新聞稿】聲援菲國布拉干省佔領行動,台灣民團呼籲不應鎮壓驅離!

文/移工國際台灣分會(Migrante Taiwan)、台菲友好協會、台灣人權促進會、台灣反迫遷連線、台灣國際勞工協會、桃園市群眾服務協會、人權公約施行監督聯盟

台灣反迫遷連線執行委員徐亦甫 主持
台灣人權促進會居住權專員 林彥彤
移工國際台灣分會主席 Gilda C. Banugan (Chairperson, Migrante Taiwan)
台灣國際勞工協會 Meriam (Taiwan International Workers Association)
台菲友好協會成員 汪英達 Wong, Ying-Dah (Taiwan Committee for Philippine Concerns)

今(20)日包括移工國際台灣分會(Migrante Taiwan)、台菲友好協會、台灣人權促進會、台灣反迫遷連線、台灣國際勞工協會、桃園市群眾服務協會、人權公約施行監督聯盟等多個公民團體,於馬尼拉經濟文化辦事處前,聲援菲律賓公民組織Kadamay的佔領空屋行動,譴責菲律賓政府暴力迫遷的威脅。與會團體並出示Kadamay的團體公開信,希望國際社會能重視該威脅的嚴重性。​​

KADAMAY公開信

菲律賓公民組織KADAMAY從去年八月開始,就不斷向政府要求必須妥善安置遭到迫遷的貧民窟住戶;其間經過五次協談,政府卻寧可讓五萬戶軍警宿舍閒置,而使都市貧民蝸居在私人企業提供、租金與水電昂貴到無法負擔,且周遭缺乏工作機會的安置住宅,讓貧民更加貧窮。逼不得已下,KADAMAY於今年3月8日,發起佔領閒置宿舍的運動,要求政府正視拆遷戶無家可歸的處境;但總統杜特蒂不但拿不出解方,且還對佔領區禁運食物,威脅要武力鎮壓,完全暴露這個政府的無能。

主持人反迫遷連線執行委員徐亦甫指出,除了台灣,香港、義大利羅馬等各地也陸續將有針對該國菲律賓代表處的陳情聲援行動,顯示國際社會對此居住權議題的高度關切。菲律賓政府應正面回應來自各國的呼籲、遵守國際的人權標準。

台權會居住權專員林彥彤表示,台灣社會雖然對佔領空屋的行動相對陌生,但2014年的318運動,相信大家記憶猶新。如同318運動一樣,菲律賓的佔領行動,也是公民社會面對蠻橫的政府,在逼不得已之下所能使出的最後手段。聯合國「兩公約」規定,居住權是基本人權,政府應提供人民棲身之地。然而杜特蒂政府不但做不到這點,還對無家可歸者以暴力相脅,是非常無恥的作法。

移工國際台灣分會發表聲明,菲律賓同胞因貧窮被迫跨海工作,杜特蒂總統不但不幫助貧民,卻反其道而行,持續使勞工只能賺取有限的薪水,卻要勞工負擔高昂的房屋分期付款,讓「住房」成為一門生意,政府不僅沒有為這些問題尋找解方,還持續採取這種與人民敵對、與貧窮者敵對的政策。呼籲政府應兌現承諾,提供有尊嚴的工作、住房給菲律賓的窮人,改善國內的貧窮。

台菲友好協會、台灣國際勞工協會等長期關注菲律賓在台移工與菲律賓議題的組織,以及長期關注人權議題的人權公約施行監督聯盟也批評,杜特蒂上台以來發動以都市貧民為對象、超越法律殘殺無數的「反毒戰爭」,與此次威脅鎮壓這些因拆遷無家可歸而發動佔屋的人民,都是使都市貧民的生活處境、人權條件飽受威脅的錯誤政策。儘管菲律賓有五百億披索的非正規住居基金,卻將其委託由私人企業來提供不合用、難以負擔的安置住宅,同時竟放任長年無人願意居住的大量軍警宿舍漸漸損壞,也被Kadamay等團體批評是新自由主義的錯誤政策。

【Support OccupyBulacan! Taiwanese NGOs Petition Duterte to Stop Forced Eviction】

On March 20, several NGOs gathered at Manila Economic and Cultural Office (MECO) to advocate for the OccupyBulacan! Movement organized by the KADAMAY in the Philippines and condemn the Philippines government for threatening to evict the movement participants by brutal force. The campaigning NGOs included Migrant Taiwan, Taiwan Committee for Philippine Concerns, Taiwan Association for Human Rights, Taiwan Alliance of Anti-forced Eviction, Taiwan International Workers’ Association, Serve the People Association, and Covenants Watch. They shown the public letter sent by KADAMAY and urge the international society to recognize the gravity of the present situation.

Since August, 2016, KADAMAY (Kalipunan ng Damayang Mahihirap) has petitioned the Philippines government to provide alternative housing for tens of thousands of slum households who had been evicted from their home. However, the government has kept refusing their demand even after five rounds of negotiation, while at the same time leaving vacant of 50 thousands units of dormitory planned for the military and police. The evicted slum dwellers were moved to private lands where employments were unaccessible and the rent, water and electricity were unaffordable. Therefore, KADAMAY organized the OccupyBulacan! Movement on March 8 as a last resort to demand the government to confront the plight situation faced by the evictees. However, Duterte not only had no solution but set an food embargo and threatened to evict the occupiers by extreme force.

Yi-Fu Hsu, the executive member of Taiwan Alliance of Anti-forced Eviction (TAAFE) indicates that not only in Taiwan but other countries like Hong Kong and Italy, NGOs have expressed their support for the occupy movement, showing that the international society are highly concerned with the housing rights issue. Duterte should immediately fulfilling its human rights duty and provide the dwellers with adequate alternative housing.

Housing rights campaigner Yen-Tung Lin from Taiwan Association for Human Rights (TAHR) indicates that although the Taiwanese society is relatively unfamiliar with squatting movements, the 318 movement in 2014 in which participants occupy the Legislative Yuan should be a reminder. As the 318 movement, #OccupyBulacan! is a movement representing the last resort of the civil society confronting the imperious government. The Two Covenants of the UN make it clear that the right to housing is one of the basic human rights, and that the government has the duty to provide its citizens with adequate housing. However, the Duterte government not only fails to carry it out, but to shamelessly threaten the poor with extreme force.

Representatives from Migrant Taiwan, Taiwan Committee for Philippine Concerns, Taiwan International Workers’ Association, Serve the People Association, and Covenants Watch who have been advocating for the rights of migrant workers and Philippine human rights situations also pointed out that Duterte’s “War on drugs” which has caused thousands of deaths only worsen the living condition of the poor, and this event is just another example of the government’s ignorance of these disadvantaged people. They also point out that, according to KADAMAY, the government has adopted the neoliberal policy to outsource its funds of informal settlements amounting to 50 billion peso to private companies to provide expensive housing that is impractical in solving the poor’s predicament.

。。。
【移工國際台灣分會(Migrante Taiwan)之聲明】
#OVERSEAS FILIPINO WORKERS IN TAIWAN SUPPORT #OccupyBulacan
#菲律賓在台移工跨海聲援「佔領布拉干」

移工國際台灣分會(Migrante Taiwan)與Kadamay的抗爭同在,在此支持也說明這場「佔領布拉干」行動的正當性。

布拉干省有約莫一萬五千間空屋因閒置而逐漸頹壞,然而同時卻有數以千計的菲律賓人無家可歸,缺乏一個有尊嚴的家園,時常就棲居於河岸、街頭的違建社區。

政府有責任為這些菲律賓人提供低價的住宅。然而,卻因為政府採取新自由主義政策,而使得「住房」成為一門生意。

政府不僅沒有為這個問題尋找解方,還持續採取這種與人民敵對、與貧窮者敵對的政策。他們持續使勞工賺取有限的薪水,卻要勞工負擔高昂的房屋分期付款。

一個每天只能賺348披索的尋常老百姓,光是負擔食物與其他必要開銷,便已時常左支右絀,又如何能負擔得起每間房屋上百萬的房貸?還得面對層層的行政文書程序。

這些社會問題、失業、土地掠奪、貧窮與缺乏給貧民的社會福利,就是迫使我們菲律賓同胞跨海工作的原因。

而應當幫助菲律賓百姓的政府,卻反其道而行。他們正是用權力來壓迫貧民。

這些住房單位既然是菲律賓群眾流血流汗換來的,就應該使菲律賓百姓們因而受益。

因此,移工國際台灣分會在此要向我們的杜特蒂總統疾聲呼籲:有一千六百萬名菲律賓人民信任他會提供有尊嚴的工作、住房給菲律賓的窮人,來改善國內的貧窮,他應兌現他對這些菲律賓人民的承諾。

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